《一学就会的100个围棋实战技巧》

双方都没有眼的对杀:
对杀双方共有两口以上公气时,不一定会成为双活。
有两口公气时,多一口外气的一方若先动手就能杀死对方;有三口公气时,多两口外气的一方若先动手就能杀死对方;有四口公气时,多三口外气的一方若先动手就能杀死对方。

一眼棋与无眼棋的对杀:
当无眼一方的外气比有眼一方的气数(外气+内气+公气)多出一口以上时,无眼一方就可无条件地吃掉有眼一方的棋。

双方都有眼的对杀:
眼一样大的对杀:当双方的眼一样大时,对杀很可能会成为双活,但在么有公气的情况下,则谁先谁胜。
一眼大、一眼小的对杀:大眼的一方(外气+内气+公气)、小眼的一方(外气+内气)比较一下,气多的一方获胜。

第五章《布局的技巧》开始排版有点乱

xcode安装cocos2d-x路径问题

问题描述:今天安装cocos2d-x出现如下错误:

Last login: Thu Jun 20 11:49:10 on ttys001
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$ /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh -u -f
cocos2d-x template installer

Installing Xcode 4 cocos2d-x iOS template
—————————————————-

removing old libraries: /Users/CouldHll/Library/Developer/Xcode/Templates/cocos2d-x/
…creating destination directory: /Users/CouldHll/Library/Developer/Xcode/Templates/cocos2d-x/
…copying cocos2d files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/cocos2dx” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_cocos2d-x.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying CocosDenshion files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/CocosDenshion” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying websockets files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/libwebsockets/ios” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying extension files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/extensions” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying template files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/template/xcode4/.” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 Chipmunk iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying Chipmunk files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/chipmunk” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_chipmunk.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 Box2d iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying Box2D files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/Box2D” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_box2d.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 lua iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying lua files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/lua” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_lua.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_tolua++.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 JS iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying js files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/javascript/bindings” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_js.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!
…copying spidermonkey files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/javascript/spidermonkey-ios” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!
done!
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$ /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh
cocos2d-x template installer

Error: This script must be run as root in order to copy templates to /Library/Application Support/Developer/Shared/Xcode

Try running it with ‘sudo’, or with ‘-u’ to install it only you:
sudo /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh
or:
/Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh -u
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$ /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh
cocos2d-x template installer

Error: This script must be run as root in order to copy templates to /Library/Application Support/Developer/Shared/Xcode

Try running it with ‘sudo’, or with ‘-u’ to install it only you:
sudo /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh
or:
/Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh -u
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$ sudo /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh
Password:
cocos2d-x template installer

Installing Xcode 4 cocos2d-x iOS template
—————————————————-

templates already installed. To force a re-install use the ‘-f’ parameter
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$ sudo /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4/install-templates-xcode.sh -f
cocos2d-x template installer

Installing Xcode 4 cocos2d-x iOS template
—————————————————-

removing old libraries: /Users/CouldHll/Library/Developer/Xcode/Templates/cocos2d-x/
…creating destination directory: /Users/CouldHll/Library/Developer/Xcode/Templates/cocos2d-x/
…copying cocos2d files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/cocos2dx” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_cocos2d-x.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying CocosDenshion files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/CocosDenshion” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying websockets files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/libwebsockets/ios” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying extension files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/extensions” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
…copying template files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/template/xcode4/.” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 Chipmunk iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying Chipmunk files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/chipmunk” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_chipmunk.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 Box2d iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying Box2D files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/external/Box2D” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_box2d.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 lua iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying lua files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/lua” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_lua.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_tolua++.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!

Installing Xcode 4 JS iOS template
—————————————————-

…copying js files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/javascript/bindings” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/licenses/LICENSE_js.txt” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!
…copying spidermonkey files
rsync: link_stat “/Users/CouldHll/scripting/javascript/spidermonkey-ios” failed: No such file or directory (2)
rsync error: some files could not be transferred (code 23) at /SourceCache/rsync/rsync-42/rsync/main.c(992) [sender=2.6.9]
done!
done!
Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:~ CouldHll$

问题解决:安装脚本是需要在安装程序目录的,所以要先进入安装目录:

Could-HllmatoMacBook-Pro:cocos2d-x-2.1.4 CouldHll$ cd /Users/CouldHll/Downloads/cocos2d-x-2.1.4

然后安装,一切正常。

《围棋:基础与实战技巧一本通》

棋墩:上等的棋盘
点:19条平行线形成361个交叉点
星:标粗的9个点
中腹:上中下四线以内的范围
角星:角上的星
边星:边上的星
天元:中腹的星
三三:两条三线的交点
小目:三线和四线的交点
目外:三线和五线的交点
高目:四线和五线的交点
气:与棋子连接最近的那些空着的交叉点
紧气:减少棋子气
打吃:将任何一块棋子(无论子数多少)围住,使其只剩2口气时,若再下子收紧其中1口气的下法
提子:将对方没有气的子提出盘外
死子:没有气的棋子
门吃:像关门一样把对方的棋子关在笼子里,使对方的棋子不能逃脱
抱吃:像一只弯曲的手臂一样围住对方的棋子,使对方的棋子不能逃脱
双打:一手棋对两处敌子同时都形成打吃
征吃:连续不断进行打吃
引征子:使对方的征子不能成功的棋子
引征:下出引征子,和征相对抗的战术
虎口:呈品字形的三个子,由三面围住一个空着的交叉点
扑:送进对方虎口,被打吃
接不归:防守方不能通过接的手段来阻止对方提子
倒扑:又叫“倒包”,在对方虎口内投一子送给对方吃,如果对方提吃,仍可再吃掉对方若干棋子的着法
枷:利用子力上的优势,用一手棋同时封锁住对方的几条出路,达到吃掉对方的目的
金鸡独立:一种利用对方气紧,在一路立,而形成对方棋子“两头不入气”的着法
倒脱靴:先送给对方若干个子(最少4个子),然后再回吃对方若干个子的着法
夹.门吃:夹和门吃相结合的一种攻击手段
滚打包收
禁入点:又叫“禁着点”,棋盘上的任何一点,如果一方下子后,该子或该子组成的整体立即成无气状态,同时又不能提掉对方的子
眼:棋盘上一个或两个以上空着的交叉点,如果它周围紧邻的点上都是同色棋子
真眼:如果组成眼的基本结构的棋子是一个整体,做眼的子连接得很完整,让对方无法破坏
假眼:如果组成眼的棋子能够被对方分割开,被对方占据要害的“眼”便会消失
团眼:使一个眼,连成一个整体,再无法破坏侵占,成真眼
卡眼:使一个眼,被破坏侵占,成假眼
点眼:在对方围了很多空交叉点的地盘上下子,使其不能做成两只眼,从而攻杀对方
一点死:一旦被包围,对方点眼就能将其吃掉,而自己先下子则能做成两眼活棋
不点死:一旦被包围,将无法分割眼位,对方不点眼都无法做活
死棋形:直三、弯三、丁四、方四、刀五、花五、花六
不点死棋形:方四
可活棋形:直四、弯四
一点死棋形:直三、弯三、丁四、刀五、花五、花六
先手眼:做眼后取得先手
后手眼:又叫“半只眼”,做眼后要落后手
双活:虽然一只眼也做不出来,或者只做出一只眼,可对方却无法紧住你的气而吃掉你的棋
循环劫双活
劫:又叫“打劫”或“劫争”
实利线:三线
势力线:四线
挂角:阻碍对方守角的棋
鹤翼:以无忧角为中心,向两个邻边拆开
天王山:双方形势消涨的要点
方:一种呈方形的特定棋形
梅钵形:不属于愚形

提劫
找劫材
应劫
消劫
肩冲
双先4目
单先官子
逆收官

金角银边草肚皮
所急先于大场